United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm establishes the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the central node for global environmental cooperation and treaty making.
At the request of UNEP, the oil and gas industry launches Ipieca as the only global association on environmental issues involving both the upstream and downstream industry.
Ipieca organises a major seminar for its members, UNEP, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the International Maritime Organization (IMO), the World Health Organisation (WHO), the Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE) and the Commission of the European Communities (CEC).
Ipieca is a key contributor to a UNEP convened seminar ‘Petroleum Industry and Environment’, with over 200 participants from governments, the UN and international organisations.
The second global oil shock after the first in 1973.
Second UNEP Environmental Consultative Committee for the Petroleum Industry.
The Brundtland Commission issues its report, 'Our Common Future', which defines sustainable development as "development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs."
Oil Spill Working Group formed.
Climate Change Working Group formed.
UNEP and the World Meteorological Organisation establish the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) to assess science, impact and response.
Valdez oil spill in Alaska's Prince William Sound.
Ipieca and IMO cooperation begins following the Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation.
Ipieca sponsors the World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC) Biodiversity Map Library.
Ipieca launches the Oil Spill Report Series.
First of seven IMO/Ipieca oil spill and climate change seminars takes place in Indonesia.
First climate change workshop takes place in Rome, Italy.
UN establishes the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee to develop a Framework Convention on Climate Change.
Rio de Janeiro hosts the 'Earth Summit’ launching the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development and Agenda 21. The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Convention on Biological Diversity are opened for signature.
Ipieca/IMO launch the video 'Working Together', demonstrating the importance of government and industry cooperation in oil spill preparedness and response.
Fuels and Products Working Group formed.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change releases second report.
Ipieca/IMO Global Initiative launched in Africa.
The Kyoto Protocol to the UNFCCC is adopted which commits 192 Parties to internationally binding emission reduction targets.
Urban air quality management toolkit launched.